Around one in ten couples has difficulty in getting pregnant. Women are often blamed for infertility but in fact in a third of cases it is because of male problems, such as a low sperm count. It could be male factor, female factor or combined subfertility. In about 15% of the couples an obvious cause may not be found, and it is deemed as "Unexplained subfertility". Only after through evaluation and assessment the likely cause of subfertility may be detected. Treatment usually follows based on the evaluation and assessment.
Infertility in women:
Conditions affecting a woman's fertility can include:
Age – female fertility declines sharply after the age of 35
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Medical conditions such as diabetes, epilepsy, and thyroid and bowel diseases
Lifestyle factors: stress, being overweight (Obesity) or underweight, and smoking.
Infertility in men:
Conditions that may result in infertility include:
Low sperm count or quality
Other factors that may play a part in infertility include:
Infection of testes (orchitis / epididymis /etc.)
Having received cancer treatment such as drug treatment, radiotherapy other surgeries like hernia operation, undescended testes or twisted testicles
Lifestyle factors: overweight (obesity) or having a job that involves contact with chemicals or radiation.