Fibroids of the uterus are benign (non-cancerous) growths within wall of the uterus. A woman may have a single fibroid or multiple fibroids and they may be located anywhere in the uterus (exterior or interior or within the wall).
They are usually associated with heavy menstrual flow, severe cramping, pelvic pressure, fertility and pregnancy related issues.
How do Fibroids affect fertility?
The implications of the uterine fibroids on the fertility are uncertain. The exact mechanism of fibroids causing infertility is less clear but it is thought that it may prevent embryo implantation by distorting the uterine cavity.
What are polyps?
Uterine polyps are growths attached to inner wall of the uterus and protruding into the uterine cavity. Overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) leads to the formation of uterine polyps. The sizes of uterine polyps range from a few millimeters — no larger than a sesame seed — to several centimeters — golf ball sized or larger. They are attached to the uterine wall by a large base or a thin stalk.
You can have one or many uterine polyps. They usually stay contained within your uterus, but occasionally, they may slip down through the opening of the uterus into your vagina.
How do polyps affect Fertility?
Uterine polyps may disrupt the lining of the uterus (the endometrium). They may even reduce blood flow in parts of the endometrial lining. This disruption could possibly prevent a fertilized embryo from implanting in the endometrial lining. The polyps could also cause a miscarriage after the embryo has implanted. There is evidence to show that removing uterine polyps does boost fertility in previously infertile women.